A satellite near the Sun is a spacecraft that orbits the Sun at a relatively close distance. One notable example is the Parker Solar Probe, a NASA spacecraft launched in August 2018. The Parker Solar Probe is a specialized satellite designed to study the outer atmosphere of the Sun, known as the solar corona, and to gather data about solar wind, magnetic fields, and other solar phenomena.
The Parker Solar Probe’s highly elliptical orbit allows it to make close approaches to the Sun, getting much closer than any previous spacecraft. Its mission is to provide valuable information about the Sun’s behavior and help scientists better understand solar processes and their impact on the solar system.